Mangosteen Fruit – Benefits, Side Effects and Warning
Mangosteen is a fruit, which is believed to have its origins from Sunda Islands. Home to South East Asia, South West India and tropical areas of Florida, the tree of Mangosteen grows to a length of 6cm – 25m.
At one point of history, Mangosteen was banned in United States due to fear of importing fruit flies with the fruit.
The ban had been lifted in 2007 but the fruit has to be irradiated before importing into US.
The nature of the fruit is very sweet, juicy and fibrous. Like flesh of citrus fruits, the fruit is filled with a sour sweet and sour liquid. The fruit should be eaten as soon as it is opened.
In a un-ripened state, Mangosteen has a solid, fibrous shell but as the fruit ripens, it becomes soft and easy for an individual to open Mangosteen.
To open Mangosteen, you need to hold a knife and place a light cutting, revolving the fruit around the thumb until the fruit cracks open.
The fruit also has a presence of elements like Zinc, Sodium, Phosphorus, Calcium and Iron.
Mangosteen is used to treat gastric infections, skin diseases, wounds and urinary diseases. Naturally occurring polysaccharides and xanthone compounds are found inside the leaves, heartwood and fruits of Mangosteen. Compounds like xanthone, garthanin and normangostin are responsible for their healing properties.
The fruit of Mangosteen also helps in maintaining blood pressure, prevention of gum diseases and tuberculosis.
Mangosteen and Weight Loss
Most people use Mangosteen to lose weight. This is because of the fact that Mangosteen juice has a high antioxidant count, which helps in weight loss. If you are regularly consuming the juice of Mangosteen, you will feel more filled and will eat less. Consumption of Mangosteen juice lessons consumption of fat and increases your metabolism, aiding the get rid of already present fat.
Although no scientific researches have been published, yet people are of the opinion that if you consume Mangosteen during pregnancy or at times of bleeding, the fruit may harm you, the baby and delay the blood clotting process in people having blood disorders.
On the safe side, avoid using Mangosteen under these circumstances.
Mangosteen twigs are popular in Ghana, where people use them for chewing. In Thailand, the wood of the fruit is used to make furniture and spears.
In China, Mangosteen’s rind is used to tan leather.
Mesta Mangosteen (Japanese Mangosteen)
Commonly found in Pahang and Sabah districts of Malaysia, Mesta Mangosteen is a rare form of Mangosteen. It has a very thick mesocarp and possesses seedless fruit.
At first glance, you may find it difficult to differentiate between both categories but upon closer inspection, you will find that Mesta Mangosteen does not have true seeds. The false, or adventitious embryo grows into a fruit, due to an absence of sexual fertilization.
The fruit of Mesta Mangosteen is developed from cell wall of a female flower and lack of sexual reproduction makes it genes unchanged regarding countless generations.
Since both of them belong to same Genus, you will find that taste of both species is a mixture of banana, peach and pear.
But there is little difference in terms of sweetness. People who have tried both fruits have found Mangosteen to be more sugary in terms of taste.